Miliband identifies the ruling class of a capitalist society as "that class which owns and controls the means of production and which is able, by virtue of the economic power thus conferred upon it, to use the state as its instrument for the domination of society" (p. 23). Bob Jessop observes that within this framework "state power is capitalist to the extent that it creates, maintains, or restores the conditions required for capital accumulation in a given situation and it is non-capitalist to the extent these conditions are not realised" (p. 221). Instrumental Marxism, or elite model, is a theory which reasons that policy makers in government and positions of power tend to "share a common business or class background, and that their decisions will reflect their business or class interests". The chief difficulty in designating Capital as Marx's central theoretical treatise is that it is an unfinished work with no theory of social class and no theory of the state, but a text that is rife with lacunae, omissions, and stated intentions never fulfilled in fact, particularly in its latter volumes. Part of Springer Nature. Poulantzas emphasizes the functional unity between state power and the state apparatus with the observation "that structure is not the simple principle of organization which is exterior to the institution: the structure is present in an allusive and inverted form in the institution itself" (p. 115, fn. The debate itself was symptomatic of unresolved epistemological issues within Marxism that had far-reaching methodological repercussions beyond state theory and even beyond Marxism. 40–4) has even argued previously that Miliband’s instrumentalism was willfully distorted and misinterpreted for the purely political purpose of exaggerating the theoretical originality of ‘new’ theories of the state that claimed to be ‘more Marxist’ and ‘more revolutionary’ than Miliband’s theory. 1, 42). Miliband had been thinking about the possibility of building an independent socialist organisation since the days of the first New Left in the late 1950s, and though he broached the topic in the second edition of Parliamentary Socialism, it was not until the publication of “Moving On” in 1976 that he explicitly argued for the formation of such a party. The growing disequilibrium of the welfare state was dramatically symbolized by the expenditure rollbacks of Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher in Great Britain and President Ronald Reagan in the United States.
Januar 1924 in Brüssel als Adolphe Miliband; † 21. Cite as.
Many, if not most, of the criticisms directed at Miliband’s political theory during the 1970s state debate were actually straw men created by polemical adversaries who introduced an analytic construct called ‘instrumentalism’ that Miliband himself never embraced, and for good reason, as an accurate conceptualization of his published work. Marx’s earliest views on the state bear a clear Hegelian imprint. Ralph Miliband (* 7.
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