A second grouping, the Weser-Rhine Germanic (or Istvaeones), extended along the middle Rhine and Weser and inhabited the Low Countries south of the great rivers. The Governor of Aruba is Alfonso Boekhoudt, and the Prime Minister is Evelyn Wever-Croes. English is an official language in, The Prime Minister of the Netherlands is referred to as "Our Prime Minister, in his capacity as chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Kingdom" (, .bq is designated, but not in use, for the, Not to be confused with the constituent country the, The population statistics of the Central Bureau of Statistics for the Netherlands do not include the Caribbean Netherlands (.
The people of Holland found themselves living in an unstable, watery environment.  In 2015, a vast majority of the inhabitants of the Netherlands (82%) said they had never or almost never visited a church, and 59% stated that they had never been to a church of any kind.  They introduced metalwork in copper, gold and later bronze and opened international trade routes not seen before, reflected in the discoveries of copper artifacts, as the metal is not normally found in Dutch soil. Holland has many cities that offer plenty of entertainment with historic architecture, museums, city parks, and restaurants and cafés. Holland is known as a flat country. Even after the provinces of the Netherlands united, Holland was still the dominant region. The Kingdom of the Netherlands has land borders with Belgium, Germany (both in the European Netherlands), and France (on Saint Martin). van den Broecke-de Man, D.K. Dutch civilization in the Golden Age (1609–1713), The period of French dominance (1795–1813), The Kingdom of Holland and the French Empire (1806–13), The Kingdom of the Netherlands (1814–1918), https://www.britannica.com/place/Netherlands, Central Intelligence Agency - The World Factbook - Netherland, Science Kids - Fun Science and Technology for Kids - Netherlands Facts, History World - History of The Netherlands, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum - Holocaust Encyclopedia - The Netherlands, The Catholic Encyclopedia - The Netherlands, Netherlands - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Netherlands - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. The Kingdom's 1954 administrative reform was sparked by the 1931 Statute of Westminster and the 1941 Atlantic Charter (stating ″the right of all peoples to choose the form of government under which they will live, and the desire for a permanent system of general security″), which was signed by the Netherlands on 1 January 1942. The historical ties inherited from its colonial past still influence the foreign relations of the Netherlands. The biggest success of the women's national team was winning the European Championship in 1995 and the World Grand Prix in 2007. Asking about basic rules will not be considered impolite. To the south of Holland, in Zeeland, and to the north, in Frisia, this development led to catastrophic storm floods literally washing away entire regions, as the peat layer disintegrated or became detached and was carried away by the flood water. Orange is the color of the Dutch royal family.
 The network is mostly focused on passenger rail services and connects all major towns and cities, with over 400 stations. Thus, a lot of the economic and political dealings outside countries had were with the Hollands, and the name "Holland" continues to be popular with foreigners.
It has the Netherlands Antillean guilder as its currency. Holland actually only means the two provinces of Noord-Holland and Zuid-Holland. , Education in the Netherlands is compulsory between the ages of 5 and 16.
In Dutch, the official names for the Netherlands, the Dutch language and a Dutch citizen are Nederland, Nederlands and Nederlander. Internationally successful Dutch actors include Famke Janssen (X-Men), Carice van Houten (Game of Thrones), Michiel Huisman (Game of Thrones), Rutger Hauer (Blade Runner), Jeroen Krabbé (The Living Daylights) and Derek de Lint (Three Men and a Baby). Smiths travelled from settlement to settlement with bronze and iron, fabricating tools on demand. CET and CEST are used in the European Netherlands, and AST is used in the Caribbean Netherlands. The islands are part of the Lesser Antilles and have maritime borders with Anguilla, Curaçao, France (Saint Martin and Saint Barthélemy), Saint Kitts and Nevis, Sint Maarten, the U.S. Virgin Islands and Venezuela.. The Port of Rotterdam is the largest port in Europe, with the rivers Meuse and Rhine providing excellent access to the hinterland upstream reaching to Basel, Switzerland, and into Germany and France. Several other royal visits were to follow..  In addition, the country was ranked the second most innovative nation in the world in the 2018 Global Innovation Index..
During this expansion, Franks migrating to the south eventually adopted the Vulgar Latin of the local population.  In most lower level secondary school educations (vmbo), one additional modern foreign language is mandatory during the first two years.. On 5 November 2012 they formed the second Rutte cabinet. Gijsberti Hodenpijl (1904) Napoleon in Holland, pp. In 1432, Holland became part of the Burgundian Netherlands and since 1477 of the Habsburg Seventeen Provinces. By the Charter for the Kingdom of the Netherlands, as enacted in 1954, a composite state was created (also known as the "Tripartite Kingdom of the Netherlands"), consisting of the Netherlands (mainland), Suriname and the Netherlands Antilles.  Nonetheless, the name "Holland" is still widely used for the Netherlands national football team, including in the Netherlands, and the Dutch government's international websites for tourism and trade are "holland.com" and "hollandtradeandinvest.com". One euro was equivalent to 2.20371 Dutch guilders. Boot, 'De Nederlandse Gezondheidszorg', Bohn Stafleu van Loghum 2011. The country is also subdivided into 21 water districts (as of 2018), governed by a water board (waterschap or hoogheemraadschap), each having authority in matters concerning water management. A region with a very specific character has been formed by the great rivers—Rhine, Lek, Waal, and Maas (Meuse)—that flow from east to west through the central part of the country. They finished fourth at the 2016 Summer Olympics. The Dutch were also one of the last European countries to industrialise, in the second half of the 19th century. This body advises government and its advice cannot be put aside easily.  In Dutch they are referred to as Indische Nederlanders or as Indo (short for Indo-European).. Amsterdam distributed grain to the major cities of Belgium, Northern France and England. | Taalcanon", "Cittaslow Vaals: verrassend, veelzijdig, veelkleurig". [by whom?] At present the lowest point in Holland is a polder near Rotterdam, which is about seven metres (23 ft) below sea level. Traditional Dutch music is a genre known as "Levenslied", meaning Song of life, to an extent comparable to a French Chanson or a German Schlager. The Rhine became fixed as Rome's northern frontier around 12 AD. In the Dutch Golden Age, spanning much of the 17th century, the Dutch Empire grew to become one of the major seafaring and economic powers, alongside Portugal, Spain, France and England. Some of the university faculties still include: Indonesian Languages and Cultures; South-east Asia and Oceania Languages and Cultures; Cultural Anthropology. , Characteristics that point more or less to a federacy include the fact that the functioning of the institutions of the Kingdom is governed by the Constitution of the Netherlands where the Charter does not provide for them. VVD and PvdA won a majority in the House of Representatives during the 2012 general election.
Holland.com is the official website for the Netherlands as a tourist destination. It was a stipulation Don Fadrique was unable to honor, when his soldiers mutinied, angered over pay owed and the miserable conditions they endured during the long, cold months of the campaign.  Acclaimed harpist Lavinia Meijer in 2012 released an album with works from Philip Glass that she transcribed for harp, with approval of Glass himself. The derivative of the Proto-Germanic word *þiudiskaz in modern Dutch, Diets, can be found in Dutch literature as a poetic name for the Dutch people or language, but is considered very archaic. The policy brought the Dutch enormous wealth and made the colony self-sufficient. , On the basis of Article 38, the countries of the Kingdom can decide to adopt a Kingdom Act outside of the scope of the aforementioned Kingdom affairs. Between 1997 and 2000 annual economic growth (GDP) averaged nearly 4%, well above the European average. The Frisian Isles, originally joined to the mainland, became detached islands in the north. The constitutional structure of the Kingdom is summarised by constitutional scholar C. Borman, in an often-cited definition, as follows: a voluntary association of autonomous countries in a sovereign Kingdom that is placed above them, in which the institutions of the Kingdom largely coincide with the institutions of the largest country, in which on the level of the Kingdom only a few affairs are governed, and in which from the level of the Kingdom a limited influence can be exerted on the smaller countries.
As a result, the islands of Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (the BES islands) were to obtain closer ties with the Netherlands. , Dutch manners are open and direct with a no-nonsense attitude; informality combined with adherence to basic behaviour. Pastries in this area tend to be quite doughy, and often contain large amounts of sugar; either caramelised, powdered or crystallised. The Netherlands identifies the Kingdom with the Netherlands and dictates.  In light of the defeat at Gembloux, the southern states of the Seventeen Provinces (today in northern France and Belgium) distanced themselves from the rebels in the north with the 1579 Union of Arras, which expressed their loyalty to Philip II of Spain.
 The reform took effect on 10 October 2010. The States General, the confederal government, were seated in The Hague and consisted of representatives from each of the seven provinces.  In February 2019, this was reduced to 3.4%.. The first author to describe the coast of Holland and Flanders was the Greek geographer Pytheas, who noted in c.325 BC that in these regions, "more people died in the struggle against water than in the struggle against men. The most important colonies were present-day Suriname and Indonesia. Some Dutch films – mainly by director Paul Verhoeven – have received international distribution and recognition, such as Turkish Delight ("Turks Fruit", 1973), Soldier of Orange ("Soldaat van Oranje", 1977), Spetters (1980) and The Fourth Man ("De Vierde Man", 1983).
The Netherlands has been among the top three countries in each report published since 2005. New risk assessments occasionally show problems requiring additional Delta project dike reinforcements.
The Netherlands women's field hockey team is the most successful team in World Cup history.
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