The remaining offset commitments of about Rs 55,000 crore would be due to be completed by 2024 but the rate at which the foreign vendors have been undertaking it, fulfilling the commitment by the vendors in the next six years “remains a major challenge,” the auditor added. The SB25A is the first IFF using electronic scanning technology. Moreover, Dassault opted to reject variable engine inlets and a dedicated air brake, which lessens maintenance loads and saves weight. It can be used to perform ground and sea attacks, reconnaissance, high-accuracy strikes and nuclear strike deterrence.  Starting in 2008 onwards, Rafale deliveries have been to the nuclear-capable F3 standard, and it has been reported that all aircraft built to the earlier F1 and F2 standards are to be upgraded to become F3s. Allegedly, Dassault was not given a choice and was compelled to select Reliance Defence as its partner; Gandhi alleged that it was favouritism and corruption. The Dassault Rafale is the primary French multirole 4th Generation Fighter aircraft. The M88 incorporates the latest technologies such as single-piece bladed compressor disks (blisks), an on-polluting combustion chamber, single-crystal high-pressure turbine blades, powder metallurgy disks, ceramic coatings and composite materials. French Rafales later attacked targets in Libya as part of the international military intervention during the 2011 Libyan civil war. Besides, this, only 48%, or Rs 5,457 crore, of these offset claims submitted by the vendors were accepted by the defence ministry. The equipment of the Royal Malaysian Air Force can be subdivided into: aircraft, munitions, pods, radars, and firearms. Dassault Aviation signed a sales contract with the Arab Republic of Egypt in February 2015 for the supply of 24 Rafale fighter aircraft. Based on the deals, Rs 19,223 crore worth of offsets should have been discharged by vendors by December 2018.  Developed by Crouzet, the DVI is capable of managing radio communications and countermeasures systems, the selection of armament and radar modes, and controlling navigational functions. The Indian Defence Ministry instead wanted Dassault to be solely responsible for the sale and delivery of all 126 aircraft. The RBE2 AA is reported to deliver a greater detection range of 200 km,  improved reliability and reduced maintenance demands over the preceding radar. Unlike other contemporary European fighter projects that required some level of international collaboration and cost-sharing, France was the sole developer of the Rafale's airframe, avionics, propulsion system and armament, and as such the aircraft was to replace a multitude of aircraft in the French Armed Forces. A solid-fueled ramjet motor allows the missile to cruise at a speed of over Mach 4 and provides the missile with thrust and mid-way acceleration to target intercept. , In December 2015 Finnish MoD sent a letter to Great Britain, France, Sweden and the United States where it informed that the fighter project was launched in the Defence Forces. A number of options were considered and the Defence Science & Technology Agency (DSTA) conducted a detailed technical assessment, as well as simulations and other tests to determine the final selection. Optronic systems include the Thales / SAGEM OSF infrared search and track system, installed in the nose of the aircraft. Messier-Dowty provides ‘jumper’ landing gear, designed to springout when the aircraft is catapulted by the nose gear strut. The auto-pilot and autothrottle controls are also integrated, and are activated by switches located on the primary flight controls. Egypt hoped to complete deal quickly to have aircraft on display at the inauguration of the Suez Canal expansion in August 2015. It is powered by the Volvo RM12, and has a top speed of Mach 2.    The cockpit is fully compatible with night vision goggles (NVG). The Rafale entered service with the French Navy in 2004 and with the French Air Force in 2006. Introduced in 2001, the Rafale is being produced for both the French Air Force and for carrier-based operations in the French Navy. The budget cuts prolonged the Rafale's development considerably. The communications suite on the Rafale uses the Saturn onboard very/ultra-high frequency (V/UHF) radio, which is a second-generation, anti-jam tactical UHF radio for NATO. The Rafale is referred to as an "omnirole" aircraft by Dassault. Meteor offers a multi-shot capability against long range maneuvering targets, jets, UAVs and cruise missiles in a heavy electronic countermeasures (ECM) environment with a range in excess of 100 kilometres (54 nmi).  Many of the features designed to reduce the Rafale's visibility to threats remain classified.  A Rafale demonstrator began test flights in 2002 and has totaled 100 flight hours as of December 2011. Under the contract, Dassault will supply 126 Rafale fighters. It also insisted on a swing-role fighter that was lighter than the design favoured by the other four nations. The Rafale has been used in combat over Afghanistan, Libya, Mali, Iraq and Syria.   The Rafale is planned to be the French Air Force's primary combat aircraft until 2040 or later,  until replacement by the Franco-German New Generation Fighter. The Rafale participates in permanent “Quick Reaction Alert” (QRA) / air-defense / air sovereignty missions, power projection and deployments for external missions, deep strike missions, air support for ground forces, reconnaissance missions, pilot training sorties and nuclear deterrence duties. , In January 2020, the Indonesian government expressed some interest in buying up to 48 Rafales to modernise its air force.  Because their requirements were similar, and to reduce cost, both departments issued a common request for proposal. After 865 flights with four pilots, Rafale A was retired in January 1994.  According to Dassault, the IMA greatly assists combat operations via data fusion, the continuous integration and analysis of the various sensor systems throughout the aircraft, and has been designed for the incorporation of new systems and avionics throughout the Rafale's service life. In February 2007, it was reported that Switzerland was considering the Rafale and other fighters to replace its ageing Northrop F-5 Tiger IIs.   While French Defense Minister Herve Morin labelled it as overly sophisticated and too costly, defense analysists have said that miscalculations of the DGA's offer price and hesitations over financing were detrimental to the negotiations. To modify or access your data, you may write to email@example.com.  In December 2012, Oman placed an order for 12 Typhoons. By December 2009, production of the pre-series RBE2 AA radars was underway. , The Rafale features an integrated defensive-aids system named SPECTRA, which protects the aircraft against airborne and ground threats, developed as a joint venture between Thales and MBDA. While the Navy initially modernised the Crusaders, in the long-term, the requirement was met with the navalised Rafale M. The M01, the naval prototype, first flew on 12 December 1991, followed by the second on 8 November 1993.
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